qy600

时间:2020年04月01日 11:38编辑:亓夏容 秒报

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qy600:【君】【角】【九】【年】【,】【秦】【并】【天】【下】【,】【立】【为】【始】【皇】【帝】【。】【二】【十】【一】【年】【,】【二】【世】【废】【君】【角】【为】【庶】【人】【,】【卫】【绝】【祀】【。】

qy600

【厚】【而】【爱】【人】【,】【尊】【贤】【而】【重】【士】【。】【约】【从】【连】【衡】【,】【兼】【韩】【、】【魏】【、】【燕】【、】【赵】【、】【宋】【、】【卫】【、】【中】【山】【之】【众】【。】【於】【是】【六】【国】【之】【士】【有】【甯】【越】【、】【徐】【尚】【、】【苏】【秦】【、】【杜】【赫】【之】【属】【为】【之】【谋】【,】【齐】【明】【、】【周】【勣】【、】【陈】【轸】【、】【邵】【滑】【、】【楼】【缓】【、】【翟】【景】【、】【苏】【厉】【、】【乐】【毅】【之】【徒】【通】【其】【意】【,】【吴】【起】【、】【孙】【膑】【、】【带】【他】【、】【兒】【良】【、】【王】【廖】【、】【田】【忌】【、】【廉】【颇】【、】【赵】【奢】【之】【伦】【制】【其】【兵】【。】【尝】【以】【什】【倍】【之】【地】【,】【百】【万】【之】【师】【,】【仰】【关】【而】【攻】【秦】【。】【秦】【人】【开】【关】【而】【延】【敌】【,】【九】【国】【之】【师】【遁】【逃】【而】【不】【敢】【进】【。】【秦】【无】【亡】【矢】【遗】【镞】【之】【费】【,】【而】【天】【下】【固】【已】【困】【矣】【。】【於】【是】【从】【散】【约】【败】【,】【争】【割】【地】【而】【赂】【秦】【。】【秦】【有】【馀】【力】【而】【制】【其】【弊】【,】【追】【亡】【逐】【北】【,】【伏】【尸】【百】【万】【,】【流】【血】【漂】【橹】【,】【因】【利】【乘】【便】【,】【宰】【割】【天】【下】【,】【分】【裂】【山】【河】【,】【彊】【国】【请】【服】【,】【弱】【国】【入】【朝】【。】

  【二】【十】【四】【年】【,】【简】【王】【卒】【,】【子】【声】【王】【当】【立】【。】【声】【王】【六】【年】【,】【,】【盗】【杀】【声】【王】【,】【子】【悼】【王】【熊】【疑】【立】【。】【悼】【王】【二】【年】【,】【三】【晋】【来】【伐】【楚】【,】【至】【乘】【丘】【而】【还】【。】【四】【年】【,】【楚】【伐】【周】【。】【郑】【杀】【子】【阳】【。】【九】【年】【,】【伐】【韩】【,】【取】【负】【黍】【。】【十】【一】【年】【,】【三】【晋】【伐】【楚】【,】【败】【我】【大】【梁】【、】【榆】【关】【。】【楚】【厚】【赂】【秦】【,】【与】【之】【平】【。】【二】【十】【一】【年】【,】【悼】【王】【卒】【,】【子】【肃】【王】【臧】【立】【。】

  【横】【艾】【敦】【牂】【五】【年】【。】

  【秦】【要】【楚】【欲】【得】【黔】【中】【地】【,】【欲】【以】【武】【关】【外】【易】【之】【。】【楚】【王】【曰】【:】【“】【不】【原】【易】【地】【,】【原】【得】【张】【仪】【而】【献】【黔】【中】【地】【。】【”】【秦】【王】【欲】【遣】【之】【,】【口】【弗】【忍】【言】【。】【张】【仪】【乃】【请】【行】【。】【惠】【王】【曰】【:】【“】【彼】【楚】【王】【怒】【子】【之】【负】【以】【商】【於】【之】【地】【,】【是】【且】【甘】【心】【於】【子】【。】【”】【张】【仪】【曰】【:】【“】【秦】【彊】【楚】【弱】【,】【臣】【善】【靳】【尚】【,】【尚】【得】【事】【楚】【夫】【人】【郑】【袖】【,】【袖】【所】【言】【皆】【从】【。】【且】【臣】【奉】【王】【之】【节】【使】【楚】【,】【楚】【何】【敢】【加】【诛】【。】【假】【令】【诛】【臣】【而】【为】【秦】【得】【黔】【中】【之】【地】【,】【臣】【之】【上】【原】【。】【”】【遂】【使】【楚】【。】【楚】【怀】【王】【至】【则】【囚】【张】【仪】【,】【将】【杀】【之】【。】【靳】【尚】【谓】【郑】【袖】【曰】【:】【“】【子】【亦】【知】【子】【之】【贱】【於】【王】【乎】【?】【”】【郑】【袖】【曰】【:】【“】【何】【也】【?】【”】【靳】【尚】【曰】【:】【“】【秦】【王】【甚】【爱】【张】【仪】【而】【不】【欲】【出】【之】【,】【今】【将】【以】【上】【庸】【之】【地】【六】【县】【赂】【楚】【,】【美】【人】【聘】【楚】【,】【以】【宫】【中】【善】【歌】【讴】【者】【为】【媵】【。】【楚】【王】【重】【地】【尊】【秦】【,】【秦】【女】【必】【贵】【而】【夫】【人】【斥】【矣】【。】【不】【若】【为】【言】【而】【出】【之】【。】【”】【於】【是】【郑】【袖】【日】【夜】【言】【怀】【王】【曰】【:】【“】【人】【臣】【各】【为】【其】【主】【用】【。】【今】【地】【未】【入】【秦】【,】【秦】【使】【张】【仪】【来】【,】【至】【重】【王】【。】【王】【未】【有】【礼】【而】【杀】【张】【仪】【,】【秦】【必】【大】【怒】【攻】【楚】【。】【妾】【请】【子】【母】【俱】【迁】【江】【南】【,】【毋】【为】【秦】【所】【鱼】【肉】【也】【。】【”】【怀】【王】【後】【悔】【,】【赦】【张】【仪】【,】【厚】【礼】【之】【如】【故】【。】

  【初】【,】【宋】【义】【所】【遇】【齐】【使】【者】【高】【陵】【君】【显】【在】【楚】【军】【,】【见】【楚】【王】【曰】【:】【“】【宋】【义】【论】【武】【信】【君】【之】【军】【必】【败】【,】【居】【数】【日】【,】【军】【果】【败】【。】【兵】【未】【战】【而】【先】【见】【败】【徵】【,】【此】【可】【谓】【知】【兵】【矣】【。】【”】【王】【召】【宋】【义】【与】【计】【事】【而】【大】【说】【之】【,】【因】【置】【以】【为】【上】【将】【军】【,】【项】【羽】【为】【鲁】【公】【,】【为】【次】【将】【,】【范】【增】【为】【末】【将】【,】【救】【赵】【。】【诸】【别】【将】【皆】【属】【宋】【义】【,】【号】【为】【卿】【子】【冠】【军】【。】【行】【至】【安】【阳】【,】【留】【四】【十】【六】【日】【不】【进】【。】【项】【羽】【曰】【:】【“】【吾】【闻】【秦】【军】【围】【赵】【王】【钜】【鹿】【,】【疾】【引】【兵】【渡】【河】【,】【楚】【击】【其】【外】【,】【赵】【应】【其】【内】【,】【破】【秦】【军】【必】【矣】【。】【”】【宋】【义】【曰】【:】【“】【不】【然】【。】【夫】【搏】【牛】【之】【虻】【不】【可】【以】【破】【虮】【虱】【。】【今】【秦】【攻】【赵】【,】【战】【胜】【则】【兵】【罢】【,】【我】【承】【其】【敝】【;】【不】【胜】【,】【则】【我】【引】【兵】【鼓】【行】【而】【西】【,】【必】【举】【秦】【矣】【。】【故】【不】【如】【先】【斗】【秦】【赵】【。】【夫】【被】【坚】【执】【锐】【,】【义】【不】【如】【公】【;】【坐】【而】【运】【策】【,】【公】【不】【如】【义】【。】【”】【因】【下】【令】【军】【中】【曰】【:】【“】【猛】【如】【虎】【,】【很】【如】【羊】【,】【贪】【如】【狼】【,】【彊】【不】【可】【使】【者】【,】【皆】【斩】【之】【。】【”】【乃】【遣】【其】【子】【宋】【襄】【相】【齐】【,】【身】【送】【之】【至】【无】【盐】【,】【饮】【酒】【高】【会】【。】【天】【寒】【大】【雨】【,】【士】【卒】【冻】【饥】【。】【项】【羽】【曰】【:】【“】【将】【戮】【力】【而】【攻】【秦】【,】【久】【留】【不】【行】【。】【今】【岁】【饥】【民】【贫】【,】【士】【卒】【食】【芋】【菽】【,】【军】【无】【见】【粮】【,】【乃】【饮】【酒】【高】【会】【,】【不】【引】【兵】【渡】【河】【因】【赵】【食】【,】【与】【赵】【并】【力】【攻】【秦】【,】【乃】【曰】【‘】【承】【其】【敝】【’】【。】【夫】【以】【秦】【之】【彊】【,】【攻】【新】【造】【之】【赵】【,】【其】【势】【必】【举】【赵】【。】【赵】【举】【而】【秦】【彊】【,】【何】【敝】【之】【承】【!】【且】【国】【兵】【新】【破】【,】【王】【坐】【不】【安】【席】【,】【埽】【境】【内】【而】【专】【属】【於】【将】【军】【,】【国】【家】【安】【危】【,】【在】【此】【一】【举】【。】【今】【不】【恤】【士】【卒】【而】【徇】【其】【私】【,】【非】【社】【稷】【之】【臣】【。】【”】【项】【羽】【晨】【朝】【上】【将】【军】【宋】【义】【,】【即】【其】【帐】【中】【斩】【宋】【义】【头】【,】【出】【令】【军】【中】【曰】【:】【“】【宋】【义】【与】【齐】【谋】【反】【楚】【,】【楚】【王】【阴】【令】【羽】【诛】【之】【。】【”】【当】【是】【时】【,】【诸】【将】【皆】【慴】【服】【,】【莫】【敢】【枝】【梧】【。】【皆】【曰】【:】【“】【首】【立】【楚】【者】【,】【将】【军】【家】【也】【。】【今】【将】【军】【诛】【乱】【。】【”】【乃】【相】【与】【共】【立】【羽】【为】【假】【上】【将】【军】【。】【使】【人】【追】【宋】【义】【子】【,】【及】【之】【齐】【,】【杀】【之】【。】【使】【桓】【楚】【报】【命】【於】【怀】【王】【。】【怀】【王】【因】【使】【项】【羽】【为】【上】【将】【军】【,】【当】【阳】【君】【、】【蒲】【将】【军】【皆】【属】【项】【羽】【。】

  【清】【河】【王】【太】【傅】【辕】【固】【生】【者】【,】【齐】【人】【也】【。】【以】【治】【诗】【,】【孝】【景】【时】【为】【博】【士】【。】【与】【黄】【生】【争】【论】【景】【帝】【前】【。】【黄】【生】【曰】【:】【“】【汤】【武】【非】【受】【命】【,】【乃】【弑】【也】【。】【”】【辕】【固】【生】【曰】【:】【“】【不】【然】【。】【夫】【桀】【纣】【虐】【乱】【,】【天】【下】【之】【心】【皆】【归】【汤】【武】【,】【汤】【武】【与】【天】【下】【之】【心】【而】【诛】【桀】【纣】【,】【桀】【纣】【之】【民】【不】【为】【之】【使】【而】【归】【汤】【武】【,】【汤】【武】【不】【得】【已】【而】【立】【,】【非】【受】【命】【为】【何】【?】【”】【黄】【生】【曰】【:】【“】【冠】【虽】【敝】【,】【必】【加】【於】【首】【;】【履】【虽】【新】【,】【必】【关】【於】【足】【。】【何】【者】【,】【上】【下】【之】【分】【也】【。】【今】【桀】【纣】【虽】【失】【道】【,】【然】【君】【上】【也】【;】【汤】【武】【虽】【圣】【,】【臣】【下】【也】【。】【夫】【主】【有】【失】【行】【,】【臣】【下】【不】【能】【正】【言】【匡】【过】【以】【尊】【天】【子】【,】【反】【因】【过】【而】【诛】【之】【,】【代】【立】【践】【南】【面】【,】【非】【弑】【而】【何】【也】【?】【”】【辕】【固】【生】【曰】【:】【“】【必】【若】【所】【云】【,】【是】【高】【帝】【代】【秦】【即】【天】【子】【之】【位】【,】【非】【邪】【?】【”】【於】【是】【景】【帝】【曰】【:】【“】【食】【肉】【不】【食】【马】【肝】【,】【不】【为】【不】【知】【味】【;】【言】【学】【者】【无】【言】【汤】【武】【受】【命】【,】【不】【为】【愚】【。】【”】【遂】【罢】【。】【是】【後】【学】【者】【莫】【敢】【明】【受】【命】【放】【杀】【者】【。】

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